Here is a table to help you understand the 6 tastes better:
|Sweet (Madhura)||Earth & Water||Vata, Pitta||Kapha|
|Sour (Amla)||Earth & Fire||Vata||Pitta, Kapha|
|Salty (Lavana)||Water & Fire||Vata||Pitta, Kapha|
|Pungent (Katu)||Fire & Air||Kapha||Vata, Pitta|
|Bitter (Tikta)||Air & Space||Pitta, Kapha||Vata|
|Astringent (Kashaya)||Air & Earth||Pitta, Kapha||Vata|
The 6 tastes of Ayurveda
Sweet taste is said to be is the flavor of energy due to which it enhances the Ojas, a vital element of life.
When used moderately, it stimulates Agni (Digestive Fire), promoting better digestion and absorption, and helps to clear the sinuses.
It provides zeal, stamina, and aids in the sharpening and focusing of the intellect, however, if taken in excess can cause you to be overly critical and cause disorders like diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, Peptic ulcers, and skin problems.
The Pungent flavor is found in Chillies, garlic, onions, and spices such as cayenne pepper, red chili, black pepper, mustard, and ginger.
Bitter foods also aid in mental purification by relieving you of any negative emotions.
The Astringent taste is commonly found in beans and lentils, pomegranates, pears, broccoli, cauliflower, artichoke, asparagus, turnip, rye, buckwheat, quinoa, turmeric, marjoram, coffee, tea.
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